Bette Davis Project #4: Bordertown (1935)

Bordertown (1935)

Paul Muni is Johnny Ramirez, a poor Latino living in L.A. who has just earned his law degree by spending 5 years in night school. His first real case comes when an elderly neighbor is hit by a drunk driver, the exceptionally racist and spoiled Dale Ewell (Margaret Lindsay) and her boyfriend lawyer, who was also in the car at the time. The boyfriend lawyer and judge in the case are classist, racist jerks — as is Dale, who sketches Johnny during the trial and titles the drawing “savage” — and Johnny loses the case, more out of bigotry than his inexperience. When the boyfriend lawyer continues to insult him, Johnny loses his temper and decks him. The judge and boyfriend make sure that Johnny is immediately disbarred.

Johnny (and the movie) decide that the problem wasn’t racism, it was money, so Johnny heads south to Bordertown to become rich and powerful in revenge. At first he works as a bouncer for Charlie Roark (Eugene Pallette) but quickly becomes indispensable and a partner in the casino. Meanwhile Charlie’s wife, Marie (Bette Davis), has eyes for Johnny, but he doesn’t reciprocate.

Bette does the best with what she is given in this film, which seems to be par for the course in many of the movies before “Dangerous”. Despite her critically acclaimed performance in “Of Human Bondage” she didn’t seem to get many solid roles. She spends most of her time off screen but positively exploding when she appears, which makes this a very uneven movie. Muni and Lindsay are bland and boring, but Bette and Eugene Pallette are vibrant and energetic in contrast.bordertown2_450_c6849

“Bordertown” is a film I have watched once, but it somehow became part of this odd half-memory that confused me enough that I felt I needed to see the film again. This half-memory was one of those weird little things you almost remember but which gets muddled after a reading dozens of film books and watching thousands of movies, interviews, and documentaries. Bette, I think on Dick Cavett’s show, mentioned that “Beyond the Forest” was a disaster not just because she was too old for the part, but because no one would believe a lady would be desperate to leave handsome Joseph Cotten. She remarked that she wanted another actor in the role that would be convincing to leave, and I think she said Eugene Pallette. I am not entirely sure (half-remembered!) but at the time I remember thinking Pallette had once played her husband before, here in “Bordertown”. At that point, something in my memory went a little nutty and I have since confused “Bordertown” with “Beyond the Forest”, and probably always will.

bordertown1_425_e19eaBette’s look in the film is striking. She’s a little bloated, pale, unsteady on her feet, and just odd enough in her early mannerisms that you hardly perceive it but, when she starts to go mad, you aren’t surprised. Her wardrobe helps with her look, as she has some really nice clothes but they’re all a little off. The hat is too small, the lingerie is pretty but still dowdy, the black gown too vampy for the opening night of a bright new restaurant and casino. Bette’s character Marie is trapped in Bordertown in the middle of a desert with nothing to do. She’s a woman who is bored, dissatisfied, tired, and hungry for something new.

Out of frustration and, when the right set of circumstances comes along, Marie kills her husband Charlie and makes it look like an accident. Johnny takes the opportunity to use Marie’s inherited money to build a glamorous place where the old casino used to be, and Marie expects him to be very grateful for the chance. He isn’t, and the night the new upscale casino opens, the bitch… er, I mean Dale, shows up unexpectedly. Johnny is attracted to her and she returns the sentiment, all while calling him “savage” and “prehistoric” and fetishizing him in a really revolting way.

bordertown3_450_34218Marie discovers she’s even more trapped after killing Charlie. In an effective scene where she paces the house, wanting to leave but too freaked after committing murder, she runs to Johnny again. He has no interest in her and, in a scene which I’m positive was written for Bette to capitalize on the similar famous scene in “Of Human Bondage”, Marie decides to get revenge. She tells Johnny she killed Charlie for him, and Johnny — who has been portrayed as a good citizen, good lawyer, and nice guy — threatens to kill her if she tells anyone. Now that he knows Charlie’s death wasn’t an accident, he apparently feels no need to turn her in to the police, and would rather use the blood money to open the casino and get rich.

A few days later Marie lies to the police that Johnny forced her to kill Charlie, but at the trial she has a complete breakdown and the case is dismissed. Johnny returns to Dale who is glad enough to see him, but when he proposes, flatly says they can’t marry: “We’re from two different tribes, savage.” Johnny shakes her and screams at her in anger, causing her to run away from him and right into a moving car, which kills her. And everyone cheers! Go away, Margaret Lindsay, nobody likes you!

Johnny sells the casino and goes back to L.A. In his own words, he’s learned his lesson and should “go back to my own people.”

Booooo! Hssssssss!

“Bordertown” was shown on TCM as part of the Latino Images in Film series, and according to Professor Chon Noriega who hosted the film, the original script had over 50 instances of the word “greaser”. Can you imagine? bordertown4_425_81136This racist, condescending dreck was the improved, more enlightened version. The film is obviously trying to elevate the image of Latinos while simultaneously making sure Latinos are portrayed as stereotypically as possible.

It’s frustrating and uncomfortable and downright sad to see such images in film, and I struggle constantly with how to approach films like this. There’s such a spectrum of opinions, ranging from those (white people) who think the outright racism of several decades ago was the right way to handle race relations, to those who say “things were different then so it’s no big deal”, to those who do not watch classic films at all because they think those outdated values need to be put away for good. I still don’t know where I fit on the spectrum. I may never know. It’s also upsetting to me in a selfish film geek way because Bette and Pallette’s performances are lost in the middle of a very problematic film; isolated, their performances are worthwhile and entertaining.

Given the last few films, this project is going to be much harder than I thought. However, the next several movies I’ll be watching are ones my good ‘net friend Louie sent me, and I can’t wait!

Somewhere online I found a bunch of “Bordertown” lobby cards, which I include for your deep, personal enjoyment.

bordertown_lobby_1_425_972c5

bordertown_lobby_2_425_9c4b5

bordertown_lobby_3_425_a657e

bordertown_poster_500_85594

Bookmark the permalink.

13 Comments

  1. Love that last poster. This is such a creepy film all around, tho. Once seen is enough.

  2. My main memory of the film was that it was horrifyingly racist, and I think it’s the reason I’ve avoided Paul Muni for years. Movies bring out the Jungian instincts in me, I guess.

  3. Nice write-up. Also love that eye-popping poster. Wow.Have you ever read any of Stuart Kaminsky’s Tobey Peters mysteries? Where a private dick works his way through a World War II era tinsel town? Only ask because I’m currently reading “The Devil Met a Lady” where he tries to save Ms. Davis from kidnappers. Not the best in the series so far, but worth a read.

  4. It has been a long time since I have seen this movie, but I remember liking Bette Davis in it. It was partially remade as THEY DRIVE BY NIGHT with Ida Lupino in the Davis role. That's an excellent film.

  5. W.B., I have not heard of that series, but I really must check it out! I love crime fiction and I love movies. It sounds like a perfect match.Rupert, I had no idea They Drive By Night was partly based on the same story! It's been so long since I've seen it, probably back during Ida Lupino month on TCM. I'll have to catch it again.

  6. Should we complain in 2010 when a movie made seventy-five years ago doesn't satisfy our political ideas for the present? I think not.The movie reflects the social and political mentality of Hollywood in the early twentieth century. Naturally a movie like that made today would have had a Latino actor starring rather than Paul Muni, who was white. Having not long before starred in SCARFACE, producers probably figured Muni's name would have been a major box office draw.There are messages in the movie which a contemporary audience in 2010 would find significant.Among these negative messages:Working class people, especially Latinos, shouldn't try to rise above their assigned place in the social structure. People of color lust after white women. They will be struck down if they try to attract white women.Justice can be prevented by having a better-trained lawyer and the money to hire one.Money can purchase power in this society, whether in 1935 when the film was shot, or today, in 2010.So, insead of complaining about the flaws in the film which most viewers wouldn't have understood in 1935, and even fewer would have commented on at the time, I think we can spend out time in better ways.We can enjoy the film better by trying to see it in historical perspective as a product of its time and the social and political culture of the period.Anyway, I enjoyed and appreciated your comments, which got me to writing down some of my own thoughts.Thanks.Walter LippmannLos Angeles, California

  7. Lippmann, you seem to think this is your blog and I just comment here.Anyway, a few points: You don't get to tell me what I can "complain" about on my blog. I'm pretty damn sick of people like you telling me I just don't understand, when what you really mean is "I disagree with you, therefore you are wrong." There are films from the same era that choose not to dwell in stereotypes, so a film that chooses to be bigoted is not just a pure faultless reflection of society. It's a choice made by the studio, director, writers, actors. Further, there are plenty of films in recent history that still use white actors in roles for people of color. Ironically, you list "Scarface" without realizing that most actors in the Pacino remake were Italians with fake Cuban accents. "A Mighty Heart" has very white Jolie in all-over makeup playing a woman of color. Your claims that we're in a post-racial society and that these issues are dealt with properly now, and that people back in 1935 were stupid and wouldn't have understood what I'm talking about here in 2009/2010, is so absolutely ridiculous I have to wonder if you've bothered thinking about this issue at all.

  8. Dear Ms. Stacia – Normally if one opens a blog, one expects to receive points of view different from one's own. Evidently that's not the case here.Evidently you can dish out harsh criticisms but you're intolerant of points of view you don't agree with. Mind-reading is one talent I do not possess. I don't try to read your mind and wish you wouldn't try to read mine. I didn't say you were "wrong". I simply expressed a different opinion from yours.Further, I made no claims that we live in a post-racial society. How could we when this country just elected its first Black president in 2008?Nor did I say that people in 1935 were stupid. Some were, some weren't. Who claims that anything is dealt with properly now? Certainly not me.However, it IS easier to throw bricks and to discuss other points of view. The Internet is filled with that, of course.Have a nice day.

  9. Lippmann:You made it clear I am wasting my time, that I don't understand historical context, that audiences in 1935 wouldn't have understood the flaws anyway. Your comment is right there, don't waste time denying what you said.Your behavior indicates you don't understand what this blog is even about. There are no flame wars, nastiness, or people attacking each other here. That is because this is my tiny corner of the Internet and I rule it with an iron fucking fist. I have shut down comments, deleted comments, and even stopped a long-running blog series of mine specifically to avoid the Internet Anger Brigade. These flames weren't always directed to me, either; the long-running series ended when people attacked a commenter in a wholly inappropriate way.You don't know that about SBBN because you just assumed that, since I was "wrong", I deserved to be scolded and insulted. As far as "dishing out harsh criticisms" while being "intolerant of points of view you don't agree with", may I remind you again that I keep my criticism entirely to movies and people involved in the making of. I deliberately do not call out other blogs, other people, rarely even reviewers. If you think that because I "dished out" criticism against "Bordertown" that I should be "tolerant" of your comments here… buddy, you need to think again.

  10. Dear Ms. Stacia – You really ARE intolerant of viewpoints which differ from your own.The SCARFACE to which I was referring was, of course, the one in which Paul Muni starred in 1932, not the one in which Al Pacino starred in 1983.Please continue to have a nice day.

  11. You really ARE intolerant of viewpoints which differ from your own.Meanwhile, you're a beacon of tolerance and understanding. Again, I suggest you find out what this blog is for. Actually, no, I first suggest you remember that this is my personal blog and not a public forum. Figure that out first, then we'll move on to the advanced stuff.If I want to argue, I've got Usenet, Livejournal, and various forums. My blog is not one of those places to argue, and I've stated that repeatedly here on SBBN. Since you haven't actually read this blog before and just came blaring in with your Internet-Based Righteous Indignation ™, you didn't know that. Now that you do know, you want to frame my refusal to allow SBBN become a haven for condescending jerks like you as me just being intolerant. Oh, sure. I'm the poster child for intolerance, that's why I speak out against racism, sexism, homophobia, and bigotry.P.S. Anyone who works in Cuban activism who doesn't know that Cubans are routinely portrayed by white people in Hollywood needs a level of help I cannot provide.

  12. Dear Ms. Stacia – Did someone claim that Hollywood isn't racist? How could Hollywood NOT reflect the culture in which it lives, and which is similarly reflects?From BIRTH OF A NATION through the GHOSTS OF MISSISSIPPI, and on to today's modern stereotyping, racism has been rampant in Hollywood. Did someone here claim that Cubans are all portrayed by Cubans in Hollywood? But Cubans love Hollywood movies anyway. Anyone who knows Cuba, or Cubans, or who has watched Cuban TV knows that.You argue so stridely against points which haven't been made! Doesn't that get tiresome after awhile? But you are intolerant of people and viewpoints which don't match your own. It's both humorous and sad how militantly you defend this approach. The only reason I found this blog is because it was cross-indexed at the IMDB. I'd never heard of it before, and probably won't look at it again. My visit was entirely accidental.However, I've found I can learn from people with different views from my own. Clearly that's an approach and attitude you don't share. Oh, well.As Lonnie Barbach wrote, "When seeking fault, use a mirror, not a telescope."Have a nice day.

  13. Did someone claim that Hollywood isn't racist? Did someone here claim that Cubans are all portrayed by Cubans in Hollywood?You: "Naturally a movie like that made today would have had a Latino actor starring rather than Paul Muni, who was white."As I already replied: "…there are plenty of films in recent history that still use white actors in roles for people of color. Ironically, you list 'Scarface' without realizing that most actors in the Pacino remake were Italians with fake Cuban accents."(Bolding mine, since you don't realize I specifically mentioned the remake in response to you mentioning the Muni version.)

Comments are closed